The Declaration of the United Nations was signed in 1942 by 26 states (including former Czechoslovakia) UN was officially established on October 24, 1945 by ratification of Charter of the UN as founding document of the World Organization, which establishes the rights and obligations of Member States and establishes institutions and procedures for
the UN functioning. As an international treaty the Charter codifies basic principles
of international relations - the sovereign equality among states to ban the use of force
in solving international disputes. Every year, October 24 is celebrated as the United Nations Day.
UN objectives defined in the Charter are: to maintain international peace and security;
to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principles of equality and self-determination of people; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms; to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these common priorities.
The main UN themes are:
- 1. The objectives of Sustainable Development (SDGs)
- 2. Human Rights
- 3. Humanitarian Questions
- 4. International Law
- 5. Economic and Social Development
- 6. Peace and Security
The Ministry of Regional Development is in terms of its competencies active in Sustainable Development, Human Rights (including the right to housing) and Economic and Social Development, especially in human settlements.