UN-Habitat was established as an agency of the UN in 1978 aimed at improving living conditions in cities and communities around the world. Its establishment was associated with the first global UN conference on Housing and Urban Development "Habitat", which was held in Vancouver, Canada in 1976. The second global UN conference on Housing and Urban Development "Habitat II" was held in Istanbul in 1996. The third global UN conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development were held in October 2016 in the Ecuador capital city, Quito. UN-Habitat headquarters is situated in Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya. The Ministry of Regional development is the coordinator of UN-Habitat in the Czech Republic
UN General Assembly decided at its session held on 12 December 2001 to transform, with effect from 1 January 2002 the United Nations Centre (agency) for Human Settlements to the "United Nations Human Settlements Programme" - UN-Habitat Managing Authority of the programme is "UN-Habitat Governing Council"; UN-Habitat Secretariat is the executive body of the Governing Council and the UN and it acts as the focal point for all urban and human settlement matters within the UN system.
One of the key activities of UN-Habitat is to contribute to the reaching the goals of documents adopted by the UN Member States, especially the "Habitat Agenda", approved by the "Habitat II" conference and "New Urban Agenda" approved by the "Habitat III" conference. The UN-Habitat activities also contribute to the global UN objectives - reducing poverty and promoting Sustainable Development.
The N-Habitat is managed by its Governing Council, which meets every two years at the Headquarters in Nairobi. Negotiations takes place with the participation of all UN countries, and the themes are particularly human settlements, sustainable urbanization, with an emphasis on the role of finance and planning in reducing poverty. In the centre of the UN-Habitat activities is therefore promoting access to housing, living conditions in cities and solving problems of urban poverty - these are the most pressing goals of the global debate, including the search for new forms of funding and obtaining funds for the activities of the Governing Board and the whole Programme.
The issue of Urban Development from a global perspective is extremely important as in cities lives more than half of the world's population, and according to forecast, it could be at 2050 about 70% of the population of the planet; it means an increase of 3 billion worldwide urban populations between years 2010 and 2050.
Sustainable Development Goals (concluded in The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development “The 2030 Agenda”) approved on UN World Summit in September 2015 relates i.e. to the UN-Habitat agenda as its objective No 11 directly applies to the cities (Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable).
Official web pages: http://unhabitat.org/
The 2030 Agenda: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld